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AKILLI SİSTEMLER VE UYGULAMALARI DERGİSİ
JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS
J. Intell. Syst. Appl.
E-ISSN: 2667-6893
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Motor Imaginary Task Classification using Statistically Significant Time Domain and Frequency Domain EEG features

İstatistiksel olarak Anlamlı EEG Zaman Alanı ve Frekans Alanı Öznitelikleri ile Motor Hayali Görev Sınıflandırılması

How to cite: Değirmenci M, Yüce YK, İşler Y. Motor imaginary task classification using statistically significant time domain and frequency domain eeg features. Akıllı Sistemler ve Uygulamaları Dergisi (Journal of Intelligent Systems with Applications) 2022; 5(1): 49-54. DOI: 10.54856/jiswa.202205203

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Title: Motor Imaginary Task Classification using Statistically Significant Time Domain and Frequency Domain EEG features

Abstract: Motor Imaginary (MI) electroencephalography (EEG) signals are obtained when a subject imagines a task without essentially applying it. The accurate decoding of MI EEG signals plays an important role in the design of brain-computer interface (BCI) systems due to the use of these signals in the rehabilitation process of paralyzed patients in recent studies. In this study, two different MI tasks were tried to be differentiated by extracting time-domain and frequency-domain features from 22 channel EEG signals and determining best combination of important and distinctive features based on statistical significance. MI EEG signals were supplied from BCI Competition IV Dataset-IIa. These features were differentiated using 25 different classification algorithms and 5-fold cross-validation method. The repeatability of the results was examined testing each algorithm 10 times. As a result, the highest average accuracy rate of 60.69% was calculated in the Quadratic Support Vector Machine (SVM) using all features and 62.52% in the Ensemble Subspace Discriminant (ESD) algorithm using only the selected features by the independent t-test. The results showed that the independent t-test based feature selection increased the performance in 20 classifiers, and decreased the performance in 5 classifiers. Also, the effectiveness of the feature selection method examined using the paired-sample t-test which is known as repeated measures t-test. The significance value, p-value was found as 0.04. Therefore, the independent t-test based feature selection method is an effective feature selection method and is providing the significant improvement in classifier performance.

Keywords: EEG signals; Feature selection; Frequency-domain features; Motor imaginary task classification; Time-domain features


Başlık: İstatistiksel olarak Anlamlı EEG Zaman Alanı ve Frekans Alanı Öznitelikleri ile Motor Hayali Görev Sınıflandırılması

Özet: Motor Hayali (MH) elektroensefalografi (EEG) sinyalleri, bir özne, aslında uygulamadan bir görevi hayal ettiğinde elde edilir. Son yıllarda yapılan çalışmalarda bu sinyallerin felçli hastaların rehabilitasyon sürecinde kullanılmasından dolayı MH EEG sinyallerinin doğru olarak çözülmesi beyin-bilgisayar arayüzü (BBA) sistemlerinin tasarımında önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Bu çalışmada, 22 kanallı EEG sinyallerinden zaman alanı ve frekans alanı öznitelikleri çıkarılarak ve istatistiksel anlamlılığa dayalı olarak önemli ve ayırt edici özelliklerin en iyi kombinasyonu belirlenerek iki farklı MI görevi ayırt edilmeye çalışılmıştır. MI EEG sinyalleri, BCI Competition IV Dataset-IIa'dan sağlandı. Bu öznitelikler, 25 farklı sınıflandırma algoritması ve 5-kat çapraz doğrulama yöntemi kullanılarak ayrıştırılmıştır. Sonuçların tekrarlanabilirliği, her bir algoritma 10 defa test edilerek incelenmiştir. Sonuç olarak, en yüksek ortalama doğruluk oranı tüm öznitelikler kullanılarak Kuadratik Destek Vektör Makinesinde (DVM) 60,69% ve sadece bağımsız t-testi ile seçilen öznitelikler kullanılarak Topluluk Altuzay Ayırım (TAA) algoritmasında 62,52% olarak hesaplanmıştır. Sonuçlar, bağımsız t-testine dayalı öznitelik seçiminin 20 sınıflandırıcıda performansı artırdığını, 5 sınıflandırıcıda ise performansı azalttığını göstermiştir. Ayrıca, yinelenen ölçümler t-testi olarak bilinen bağımlı örneklem t-testi kullanılarak öznitelik seçme yönteminin etkinliği incelenmiştir. Anlamlılık değeri olan p-değeri 0.04 olarak bulunmuştur. Bu nedenle, bağımsız t-testine dayalı öznitelik seçim yöntemi, etkili bir öznitelik seçme yöntemidir ve sınıflandırıcı performansında önemli iyileştirmeler sağlamaktadır.

Anahtar kelimeler: EEG sinyalleri; Öznitelik seçimi; Frekans alanı öznitelikleri; Motor hayali görev sınıflandırma; Zaman alanı öznitelikleri


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